hina takes big step in artemisinin resistance

Nobel Prize winner Tu Youyou’s team on Monday announced major scientific breakthroughs in treatment of artemisinin resistance.

Sweet wormwood was used in ancient Chinese therapy to treat various illnesses, including fevers typical of mala

ria. Nearly five decades ago, Chinese scientists, including Tu, identified its active ingredient, artemisinin.

In 2005, the WHO recommended Artemisinin-based Combin

ation Therapies as the most effective malaria treatment available.

However, the World Malaria Report 2018 published by the World Health Organiza

tion said that after an unprecedented period of success in global malaria control, progress has stalled. Art

emisinin resistance and partner drug resistance has been reported in Greater Mekong subregion.

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hina to remain steadfast protecting national security

First, China has undisputable sovereignty over islands and their surrounding waters in the South China Sea, backed by a wealth of historical and legal basis,” Shao said.

For a long period of time, various nations’ normal passage and flight in the region have never been obstructed. “There i

s no issue over the freedom of navigation and overflight in the South China Sea,” he said.

However, the US has frequently sent vessels and aircraft to trespass into Chinese mar

itime territory and airspace, and has conducted intense intelligence gathering and special drills in the region.

“These actions damage the peace and security of the region,” Shao said. “As a result, the PLA

has installed necessary defense equipment on the islands in accordance with security needs. This is within

the natural rights of a sovereign state, and a necessary measure to counter those provocative actions.”

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He said through the SAR government’s efforts and a ratio

onal discussion among the people of

Hong Kong, the city will eventually reach a consensus and any doubts over the issue will be dispelled.

Han, also a member of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Comm

ittee, hoped that all sectors in Hong Kong will work together to safeguard the image of the city’s rule of law.

The SAR government proposed to amend its Fugitive Offenders Ordinance and Mutual Legal Assista

nce in Criminal Matters Ordinance in March. The proposed amendments will allow Hong Kon

g to surrender fugitive offenders to jurisdictions with which it does not currently have extradition arrangements on

a case-by-case basis, with prior approval from the chief executive before an application is submitted to the courts.

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the WTO is for the benefit of the public, not a tool for par

embers. If its members cannot reform the architecture and resolve the key issues, they may all end up in various regional groups.

“Many bilateral tensions or challenges countries are facing today requir

e a multilateral response, and WTO reform is definitely needed, especially in the area

s of trade and investment,” said Xue Rongjiu, deputy director of the Beijing-based China Society for WTO Studies.

Chen Fengying, a senior economics researcher at the China Institutes of Contemporary Internationa

l Relations, said the US government seems to have made driving WTO reform its priority so that the country can claim the high gr

ound in global trade and lead the process for making new rules and establishing a new global trading system.

This move poses a challenge to the WTO and its basic principles including that of most favored nation status and national treatment, she said.

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The future growth prospects of today’s early-stage (that is

lower-income-some growing and others not) developing countries will be of huge importance in red

ucing poverty further. Although these countries face significant headwinds, they could also seize imp

ortant new growth opportunities-especially with the help of digital platforms.

The headwinds are certainly considerable. For starters, advances in digital technolo

gies-robotics, machine learning, sensors, and vision-directly threaten the labor-intensive manu

facturing and assembly upon which lower-income, nonresource-rich economies have traditionally relied.

Moreover, climate change has had its greatest economic impact on the tropical and subtropical regio

ns where most of the lower-income countries are located. The effects of global warming are highly disrup

tive in fragile economies, and, taken together, constitute a major new obstacle to growthle

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Learning to work together in an orderly, high trust lev

, and supported by diverse interest groups will prevent conflicts among stakeholders in the South China Sea,” Santarita said.

China is in the midst of implementing a host of reforms, which are focused on opening up its economy to foreign compet

ition and strengthening its private sector. They are needed to upgrade its industries and avoid the dreaded middle-income trap.

Many of these reforms are exactly what the United States is asking for in the trade negotiation

s, but China is actually pursuing these reforms primarily to achieve its own long-term internal economic goals.

He said Asia’s emphasis on “respect for authority, respect for the environm

ent and the discipline to control the use of resources” will also see Asian leaders purs

uing a more eco-friendly development path and honor their commitments to the Paris climate agreement.

“If there is harmony, discipline, stability and the primacy of family and com

munity over the individual, then any problem can be easily addressed,” Santarita said.

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Well-tuned steps urged for poverty eradicatio

President Xi Jinping underlined on Monday the need to shore up areas of weakness and carry out more targeted pove

rty alleviation efforts in building the country into a moderately prosperous society in all respects.

Xi, also general secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee and chair

man of the Central Military Commission, made the remark while presiding over the fourth meeting of t

he Central Committee for Financial and Economic Affairs. Xi is head of the committee.

The meeting stressed the importance of achieving targets for poverty alleviation across the boar

d and focusing efforts on areas of extreme poverty, according to a statement released after the meeting.

It is important to tackle the remaining difficulties faced by people still confronting hard

ships in terms of their access to education, medical care, quality housing and safe drinking water after ens

uring that their basic needs for food and clothing have been met, the statement said.

It added that solving prominent environmental pollution probl

ems must be prioritized to ensure periodical targets can be achieved before 2020.

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Since 2013, the BRI, with policy coordination, connec

tivity of infrastructure, unimpeded trade, financial integration and closer people-to-people ties as its main goals, has advanced in solid steps, the report said.

“Significant progress has been made, including a number of landmark early results. Participating countries have obtai

ned tangible benefits, and their appreciation of and participation in the initiative is growing,” according to the report.

With a view to building a global community of shared future, the BRI uphold

s the principles of extensive consultation, joint contribution, and shared benefits, the report said.

“Through the initiative China has made a constructive contribution to the reform of th

e current global governance system and to economic globalization,” according to the report.

The report said China would face many problems and challenges in pursuing the BRI in

the future as well as unprecedented opportunities and prospects for development.

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rime scene officials inspect the explosion area at Shangri-La

Of the dead in the blasts, there are 35 foreigners, the police confirmed. Hospital sources

had earlier said nine foreigners were among those killed while 13 others have been injured.

Airline says flights continue despite curfew

SriLankan Airlines is telling passengers boo

ked on flights out of the country that they will be able to fly despite the curfew imposed.

The carrier says in a statement that travelers on all airlines operating out of Bandaranai

ke International Airport can access the airport by showing their tickets and passports at checkpoints.

The airline says security has been tightened at the airp

ort, and it advises passengers to arrive four hours before their scheduled flights.

Both Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena and Prime Mi

nister Ranil Wickremesinghe have condemned the attacks and appealed for calm.

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said t

he tri-forces and the police are conducting a thorough probe into the explosions.

In a special statement, the police urged the publi

c to stay indoors and not gather at the explosion sites which had been sealed off.

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“Essentially, it depends on the growth of money sup

pply (M2),” said Sheng Songcheng, a central bank adviser and a former director of the central bank’s statistics department.

The central bank released M2 data on Friday, which recorded a 13-month high of 8.6 percent by the end of March, accelerating from 8 percent by February.

Aggregate social financing, a gauge to measure broader financial activities including trust funds and local govern

ment bonds, also grew faster than market expectations. That total financing amount grew to 2.86 trillion yuan in Mar

ch, or a 11.1 percent growth from a year earlier, compared with 10.6 percent in February, said the central bank.

“According to the latest economic data, there is less necessity for RR

R cuts, but it requires further observation on future changes,” said Sheng.

If the central bank further cuts the RRR, when economic growth is already stabilized, inflation wi

ll surge, and possibly lead to funds flowing into the property sector instead of supporting the real economy, he added.

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